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Table of Contents

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  1. Contents
  2. Acknowledgments xi
  3. Introduction 1
    1. The Chronocratic Emperor Has No Clothes
    2. Overview
  4. Chronometric Regimes: The Life Course, Aging, and Time 12
    1. Introduction
    2. Historical backgrounds of the chronometric life course 16
      1. A Biographical Sandglass
      2. Age in Social Legislation
      3. Late Modern Systemic Worlds and Life Worlds
    3. Chronometric Life Courses: Beyond Standardization and De-standardization 24
      1. The Continuing Importance of Chronometric Age
      2. Chronometric Regimes
    4. Care and its Chronometric Regimes 38
      1. Chronometric Care and Its Acceleration
      2. Time-efficient Lives
    5. Chronometric Aging: Exactly Arbitrary 47
      1. Intrinsic Time and Intrinsic Malleability
      2. The Heisenberg Principle of Aging
    6. Conclusions 55
  5. Exclusion, Activism, and Eternal Youth 58
    1. Introduction
    2. From ‘natural’ passivity to ‘activating activities’ for older people 60
      1. From “Idleness with Dignity” to Being as Being Busy
      2. Stay Active: “Use It or Lose It”
    3. The emergence of an anti-aging culture 66
      1. “Don’t Call’em Old, Call’em Consumers!”
      2. ”Take Years Off Your Looks and Add Them to Your Life”
    4. The much desired long and invulnerable life: Magic and Magic Technology 74
      1. A Fundamental Vulnerability
    5. Conclusions 81
  6. A passion for wisdom and the emergence of an art of aging 85
    1. Introduction
    2. Early Greek thought about the Life Course 86
      1. Solon’s Untraditional Views
    3. The search for Wisdom and the emergence of an Art of Life 90
      1. Plato’s Academy
      2. Aristotle’s Lyceum
      3. The Garden of Epicurus
      4. The Stoics
      5. Wisdom, Aging and Old Age
    4. Cicero’s Stoic art of living in ‘Old Age’ 110
      1. Cicero
      2. Cato Maior de Senectute: On Old Age
      3. Cicero’s Defense of Old Age against Four Complaints
      4. A Statesman’s View of Old Age
    5. Conclusions 121
  7. Modern science, the discovery of a personal history and aging authentically 127
    1. Introduction
    2. Aging in a world of meaningful repetition 129
    3. Irreversible time and the senescing of organisms 132
      1. Does Nature Repeat Itself Eternally?
      2. Nature Changes and Time Is Irreversible
      3. Senescing, Irreversible Time, and the Organism
    4. The idealization of science and the epistemological reduction of time 144
    5. The struggle for a fuller experience of time 150
      1. Augustine: A Threefold Present
      2. Bergson: Time as Creativity
      3. Husserl: The Phenomenological Experience of Time
      4. Heidegger: Authentic Temporal Being in the Face of Death
      5. Time Is Lived in Constitutive Life Worlds
    6. Conclusions
  8. Aging and Narrative Identities 169
    1. Introduction
    2. Embedding aging in narratives 171
      1. Narratives and Narrative Identity
      2. Narrative Integration as a “Good Life”
      3. Life Plans
      4. “Real Stories” and Textual Issues
    3. A modest necessity of stories 185
      1. Changes, Themes, and Phases
      2. Stories: Intertwining the Past, the Present and the Future 000
      3. Institutional Narrative Practices
      4. Narratives of the Life World and the Systemic World
    4. Conclusions 195
  9. Perspectives – Towards an Art of Aging 198
    1. Introduction
    2. Interhuman vulnerability and the dignity of ‘unsuccessful’ aging 202
      1. The Vulnerability of the Interhuman Condition
      2. Aging and Increasing Vulnerability
      3. The Dignity of “Unsuccessful” Aging
      4. Autonomy and Structural Paternalism
    3. Toward an Art of Aging: Beyond Conventional Wisdom 212
      1. Older and Wiser?
    4. Toward an Art of Aging: Living in Different Times 223
      1. A Multi-layered Present
      2. Kairos: A Sensitivity for Changing Temporal Qualities
      3. Activism and Receptivity
      4. Memories Have Their Own Times
      5. Actions Constitute Time
      6. Life Events and Life’s Periods
      7. The Times of Life Are Finite
      8. A Last Question about the Beginning of Time
    5. Toward an Art of Aging: Beyond Longer Lives 235
      1. Aging as Finitization: A Deepening of Unique Lives
      2. Unique Lives: Empirical and Ethical
      3. Contingent and Existential Limitations
      4. Why Do We Age? How Can Aging Be Meaningful?
      5. Is it good to live longer?
  10. References 253
  11. Index 275
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