Aging and the Art of Living


In this deeply considered meditation on aging in Western culture, Jan Baars argues that, in today’s world, living longer does not necessarily mean living better. He contends there has been an overall loss of respect for aging, to the point that understanding and “dealing with” aging people has become a process focused on the decline of potential and the advance of disease, rather than the accumulation of wisdom and the creation of new skills.

To make his case, Baars takes the reader on a survey of contemporary theories of aging, confronting them with their philosophical foundations, drawing on the works of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and Cicero as well as on such contemporary philosophers as Husserl, Heidegger, Habermas and Foucault.

Throughout this tour-de-force, Baars shows how people in the classical period—less able to control health hazards—had a far better sense of the provisional nature of living, which led to a philosophical and religious emphasis on cultivating the art of living and the idea of wisdom. This is not to say that modern society’s assessments of aging is insignificant, but it does need to balance an emphasis on the measuring of age with the much deeper concept of living in time. Gerontologists, philosophers, and students will find Baars’ discussion to be a powerful, perceptive conversation-starter.

There is no other book that I’m aware of that has achieved such a masterful synthesis of philosophy and gerontology — Harry R. Moody, Director of Academic Affairs, AARP

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